1Division of Environmental Engineering, Hokkaido University, 2Department of Environmental Chemistry and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, ,
The identification of the key nitrous oxide (N2O) production pathways is important to establish a strategy to mitigate N2O emission. In this study, we combined real-time gas monitoring analysis, 15N stable isotope analysis, denitrification functional gene transcriptome analysis, and microscale N2O concentration measurements to identify the main N2O producers in a partial nitrification aerobic granule reactor, which was fed with ammonium and acetate. Our results suggest that heterotrophic denitrification was the main contributor to N2O production in our partial nitrification (PN) aerobic granule reactor. The heterotrophic denitrifiers were probably related to Rhodocyclales bacteria, although different types of bacteria were active in the initial and latter stages of the PN reaction cycles, most likely in response to the presence of acetate. NH2OH oxidation and nitrifier denitrification occurred, but their contribution to N2O emission was relatively small (20–30%) compared with heterotrophic denitrification. Our approach can be useful to quantitatively examine the relative contributions of the three pathways (hydroxylamine oxidation, nitrifier denitrification, and heterotrophic denitrification) to N2O emission in mixed microbial populations.
keywords:nitrous oxide,stable isotope,transcriptome,microsensor,partial nitrification